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By Steven Knight, Research Analyst for Blackwell Global
here is seemingly a widening gulf in macro and monetary policy between the US and Germany. This is evident in the yield differential between the 10-Year Treasury and 10-Years Bunds which is currently 153bps.
However, forward forecasting is showing yield increases to 190bps as the US looks to tighten their monetary policy in the later part of this year. Subsequently, the question remains, to what extent has the market priced in these potential changes.
Taking a view of the near term shows a widening gap between the US and Germany on a raft of monetary and policy changes. Primarily, changing monetary policy conditions and differences in medium term inflationary forecasts are the key determinants of the current yield structure. Considering that statements by the US Federal Reserve have pointed to their desire to tighten their monetary policy through rate increases, the chance of the yield differentials has increased.
Subsequently, the US markets have responded by attempting to price in a Fed Funds rate rise by the end of the year. However, the market has taken a more dovish tone on the chance of further tightening in 2016 and this where a surprise could occur.
This is especially salient considering that the Goldman Sachs US Current Activity Indicator stands at 2.6% in June and a raft of economic data is forecast to strengthen significantly throughout 2015. Consequently, this is likely to impact the bond yield curve directly through the term premium.
In contrast, most notable European economists forecast the ECB monetary policy will remain unchanged until at least 2017 despite their ever expanding balance sheet.
The reality is that Europe is undertaking some structural changes within their economy that will take some time to flow through and impact growth. Subsequently, you can expect the EONIA curve to remain anchored near the official deposit rate. It should also be noted that as the ECB continues their QE program that this is likely to have a marked impact upon the term premia.
Although, European growth will pick-up throughout 2017-2018, the divergence is likely to continue in the long term with the US Fed Funds rate forecast to rise to around the 3.38% level by the end of that period. In contrast, forward modelling shows the ECB’s MRO rate at around 0.75% during the same period, a significant divide of 2.6%. Subsequently, the widening yield differential is likely to continue in the long-term and isn’t simply a short-run response to economic conditions.
In short, be prepared to position your holdings for a wider long-dated US-German bond yield differential…because it’s not going away anytime soon.
This is a Guest Editorial which represents the viewpoint of and was compiled by Steven Knight, Research Analyst for Blackwell Global